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Fluoride in drinking water

Fluoridation of water is supported by many national and international organizations. The World Health Organizations, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Health Canada, and multiple dental associations, including the American, Canadian and provincial associations believe water fluoridation helps with dental problems. Health Canada has even declared water fluoridation a public health issue.

Some areas around the world already have high levels of fluorides in their soil and water sources. These areas include volcanic rich soils, igneous and metamorphic rock formations, and mountain ranges with high levels of marine sediment. Almost all water contains some naturally occurring fluoride, but usually at levels too low to prevent tooth decay. Many communities choose to adjust the fluoride concentration in the water supply to a level beneficial to reduce tooth decay and promote good oral health.

In Canada, Brantford, Ontario was the first community to fluoridate their water supply in 1945. Water treatment is the responsibility of the municipal governments but is regulated by federal and provincial governments. Therefore, communities across Canada have the choice of whether to fluoridate their water. As of 2009, 45% of Canadian residents have fluoridated water. Canada is one of the most fluoridated countries in the world. In comparison, only 5.7% of the world’s population has their public water supply fluoridated. The provinces with the highest rates of water fluoridation are Ontario, Alberta and Manitoba while the provinces with the lowest rates are British Columbia and Newfoundland. There is no fluoridation of drinking water in Yukon and Nunavut. In the United States, 72% of the population has access to fluoridated water. In Canada, fluoride levels are highly monitored. In 2007, an expert panel concluded that 0.7 ppm was the optimal level of water fluoridation without causing adverse effects.

Benefits of Water Fluoridation

When fluoride was added to the water in Brantford, Ontario in 1945 it was as a test of the benefits of water fluoridation, with Sarnia, Ontario being the comparative city without fluoridation. Researchers found a significant drop in the severity of cavities where water was fluoridated in Brantford compared to where it was not in Sarnia. It has been found that the health benefits of fluoride are fewer cavities and less severe cavities, less need for fillings and tooth extractions, and less pain and suffering associated with tooth decay. In fact, given the dramatic decline in tooth decay during the past 60 years, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) named water fluoridation one of Ten Great Public Health Interventions of the 20th Century.

Proponents of water fluoridation state that there is no risk to health when water fluoridation is monitored and remains at an appropriate concentration. The safety and effectiveness of fluoride at levels used in community water fluoridation has been thoroughly documented by scientific and public health organizations using scientific reviews and expert panels. Experts have weighed the findings and the quality of the available evidence and found that the weight of peer-reviewed scientific evidence does not support an association between water fluoridation and any adverse health effect or systemic disorders.

Supporters of water fluoridation state that it is important to have fluoride in drinking water in addition to the fluoride in toothpaste and fluoride treatments at the dentist’s office. The combined use of fluoride toothpaste and fluoridated water offers protection above using either separately. Toothpaste contains a higher concentration of fluoride but its effect wears off after an hour or two. Fluoride in drinking water is diluted, but it comes in contact with the teeth every time you drink tap water or beverages made from tap water, as well as foods prepared with tap water. This provides your teeth with a near continuous exposure to fluoride all day. Use of both fluoridated water and fluoridated toothpaste is recommended because fluoride in water and fluoride in toothpaste work differently to help prevent tooth decay. Water fluoridation is associated with an increased proportion of children without cavities and reduces the prevalence of tooth decay by 14.6% (2.25 teeth) compared to non-fluoridated areas. In Orillia, a town that has never fluoridated their water, elementary school children have the most severely decayed teeth among the 10 largest communities in Simcoe Muskoka, at a 66% higher decay rate than fluoridated areas in the region.

Proponents of water fluoridation agree that, of course, it does cost money to fluoridate the water but argue that the money is more than recouped in savings due to diminished tooth decay. A 2004 Canadian study concluded that every dollar invested in water fluoridation saves approximately $38 in dental treatment costs. Results from a Quebec study show the cost-effectiveness of water fluoridation even with the conservative estimation of a one percent decrease in cavities. Along the same lines, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that the costs of restorative care to avert disease outweighed the cost of water fluoridation in towns of any size, even with the widespread availability of many forms of fluoride today. Under typical conditions, the annual per person cost savings in fluoridated communities is $16 in communities of fewer than 5,000 people and $19 dollars in communities of greater than 20,000 people. The lifetime cost of water fluoridation for one person is less than the cost of one dental filling.

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Google Reviews

The entire customer service experience is great. I was surprised by the follow up call and email for service this year – only because this is not normal. It’s not one and done – they treat you as if it is an ongoing client relationship.
Reigen Wingfield
Reigen Wingfield
18:39 25 Oct 19
My experience with Watermart was excellent, from start to finish. They offered a number of different options & info on the various types of water filtration. They made suggestions on what would be best suited to my needs – without trying to over sell. Installation was efficient & the technician was very knowledgeable & courteous. I’m told they will contact me a year from now to remind me my filters need changing. Love it!Update 3 years later:Still LOVE Watermart. They send me friendly reminders that my filtration system needs annual maintenance. While I could do this myself, I am happier to have a professional make sure everything is working properly. They are always on time, courteous & efficient.
Zoey Zoric
Zoey Zoric
03:30 19 Oct 19
Watermart and their service is first rate. They come when they say; their service is professional and efficient. Their service plan is definitely worth considering. I highly recommend this company
Ron Dutcher
Ron Dutcher
19:55 18 Oct 19
Extremely knowledgeable and professional staff. I don’t think I’ve met anyone as versed in the science of drinking water as Dave. Very competitive prices. This is my third home system with Watermart. Install was quick, clean and hassle free.
Basil P
Basil P
17:46 25 Sep 19
An overall satisfying experience. The website itself had all the necessary information about the company, its products and services. Donna who assisted me further through a phone call conversation was very professional and knowledgeable. She provided a convenient installation date and time. It was easier to reach her, every time I required some clarification. The technician, Murtazio, was professional as well. He was friendly, and he finished the installation smoothly. Thank you very much!
Visakh Kunnathully
Visakh Kunnathully
20:22 30 Aug 19
An overall satisfying experience. The website itself had all the necessary information about the company, its products and services. Donna who assisted me further through a phone call conversation was very professional and knowledgeable. She provided a convenient installation date and time. It was easier to reach her, every time I required some clarification. The technician, Murtazio, was professional as well. He was friendly, and he finished the installation smoothly. Thank you very much!
Visakh Kunnathully
Visakh Kunnathully
20:22 30 Aug 19
Everything was 5 stars from choosing the system that I needed up to install and post install follow up. Ken who installed my system was very punctual and really good and knowledgeable at what he does. Donna who did all the coordination and booking the install was very helpful and very professional. Watermart is highly recommended. Thank you for an exceptional service and for the high quality water filtration system.
Ben Centeno
Ben Centeno
20:59 06 Aug 19
Talk to Watermart first if your interested in anything to do with water filtration. Had a great experience from start to finish, thanks to all the staff Dave, Donna-Maria, Ron & Allison that made it a hassle free experience. Not the cheapest but you get what you pay for when its all said and done.I continue to use and have Watermart service my installed system as they contact me in a timely manner to let me know that filters need to be changed for best results.The service technician have always kept to the date and time agreed to and do a thorough job removing, sanitizing, replacing filter and cleaning up any debris or water spills.
Sam J
Sam J
15:00 25 Jul 19
Great experience as usual. They have been providing service for a few years now and are always pleasant and professional. Thank you for the wonderful customer service!
shira
shira
05:36 24 Jul 19
Once again Watermart delivers stellar service – Nosir was A-1 – friendly and knew his stuff! Thanks Guys!
scott hendershot
scott hendershot
01:38 19 Jul 19
Watermart did a great job for me again this year. They gave me a call to remind me I was due for service, were on time, used surgical gloves and food-grade peroxide to make sure my system was clean and then didn’t leave any mess. The technician was also a friendly guy. This is one of the few service companies I deal with that I know are going to be truly professional. Highly recommended.
Graham Blair
Graham Blair
17:38 25 Jun 19
Very positive. Ken arrived on time. His work was clean. Did not leave a mess. Explained everything clearly. I will recommend him and Watermart.
Louise Ferrari
Louise Ferrari
17:04 10 May 19
Everyone at Watermart is a pleasure to work with. I have been using their service for about 8 years now and they have always been a highly recommended company in my books. Their service guys are friendly and quick and always clean up after themselves. They take time to help you with any questions I have as well. Watermart is HIGHLY recommended.
Tracy Oxtoby
Tracy Oxtoby
14:53 03 May 19
I recommend this company for your water filtration needs. We have had ours for over a decade which Watermart services annually. Ken our Service Technician who completed our most recent maintenance was thorough, courteous and professional.
Rachelle Sunga Cheng
Rachelle Sunga Cheng
02:22 23 Apr 19
This review is from Howard Craig: Donna and Hugh were terrific on the phone and welcoming to help us to your office with our Berkey… it turns out there was some difficulty with the system and your team took the time to assist….this kind of service is what will keep customers coming back….I would be happy to recommend you and your service to others and should we need filters etc… or other attention we will be calling you and your team.
Cherisse Corradetti
Cherisse Corradetti
20:07 28 Mar 19
There’s a reason this company has five stars. They treated me like a human being, worthy of their time and effort when things are going well and when things aren’t working out. I bought a Berkey from Dave and it wasn’t filtering properly. Hugh spent the next two days troubleshooting and eventually fixing the problem. It’s a surprise to feel taken care of by a company in this day and age but this kind of service makes me realize that there’s good people doing good things out there.
Ada O
Ada O
13:10 26 Mar 19
Recently leased the water cooler for our office and had a really good experience. Donna from the office provided me with detailed explanations of the products, and we were able to install the machine the next day! Ron came to install the machine the next day- very professional and made the piping line very clean by stapling it along the baseboards. A week later, I got a follow up call from Hugh to make sure everything is okay.. The taste of water is great, cooler works well and I have to emphasize excellent customer service. Highly recommend!
Lina Yang
Lina Yang
19:43 28 Jan 19
Watermart provided top of the line care to our water treatment needs for many years. Ron Anderson always delivers best service with great care and knowledge about water filtration systems.. We would highly recommend Watermart and Ron to address all kinds of water filtration needs.
Anna Zamriga
Anna Zamriga
03:43 25 Jan 19
The technician who installed our new water filter was very knowledgeable, professional and courteous. Watermart offers a great product and our family now enjoys clean, fresh filtered water from our tap without worrying about environmental problem caused by bottled water. Thanks
Pierre Cote
Pierre Cote
19:43 17 Jan 19
I have been a Watermart customer for 3 years now and am very happy with the service I’ve received. They give me a call when my system is due for service (I would never remember otherwise). They set up a service call in a 1 hour window (unlike some companies who have me sitting around for hours waiting for their technician). Yasser, was on time, was very friendly and did a thorough and very clean job. I highly recommend Watermart. Good people!
Barootsnikov
Barootsnikov
23:11 15 Jan 19
Got our whole house water system last year and needed our annual service, Ken came by, very nice and well mannered guy. He was courteous and clean, didn’t leave any mess at all and explained to me what I was suppose to do afterwards. Definitely someone I would request again for my next service. Very professional company! Highly recommend!
Gabriel Chan
Gabriel Chan
18:02 07 Jan 19
Talk to Watermart first if your interested in anything to do with water filtration. Had a great experience from start to finish, thanks to all the staff Dave, Donna-Maria, Ron & Allison that made it a hassle free experience. Not the cheapest but you get what you pay for when its all said and done.
Sam J
Sam J
17:41 15 Dec 18

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